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Economic constraints on media independence and pluralism in Eastern and Central Europe


What Are The Advantages Of Hair Salon?

Every person desires to look unique and appealing in society. Salons are continually acknowledged for his or her first-class services. For a commercial hairdressing commercial enterprise, the benefits are independence, low expectancies and new equipment. The dangers of a business hairdressing enterprise are capital, consumer loyalty, and opposition.

Going to the beauty salon is very relaxing. Designed with comfort and rest in thoughts, the lounges are a small retreat away from work, children and errands. If it is no longer the time to reduce or dye your hair, it’s continually an excellent idea to agenda a relaxing rubdown or facial treatment. One of the largest blessings of strolling a hairdressing, splendor or cosmetics enterprise is that you may without problems provide cellular offerings.

This can regularly come up with greater flexibility than running from a beauty salon, so you can paintings around your self and your customers’ non-public commitments. Being able to adapt your offerings to the busy lives of your customers have to help you build your professional relationships and growth loyalty on your logo. The initial charges of cell splendor corporations can also be decrease, because there is no need to put money into a local. In a splendor salon, experts now not handiest form your hair however your complete body from head to toe.

Whether it’s for coloring hair, treating the scalp, styling, keratin remedy and lots of greater. They also come up with ease of doing manicures, pedicures and nail curves, assisting you stay presentable in front of anyone. This, in go back, increases your complex and will eliminate your self belief. Owning your own hairdressing enterprise is tremendously worthwhile; your customers can depart feeling like an entire new individual with their new “sure”.

We stay in a world wherein many people suppose they can do their hair for themselves just by way of watching a video on-line. Since your hairdressing commercial enterprise is in your private home, you may not ought to fear approximately going back and forth to work. Don’t fear although, they also recognise that a few people want to come simply because of their hair and no longer to socialize. With hairdressing businesses, you may create a customised patron experience with the aid of making them sense at ease, imparting them some thing to drink and beginning a communique with them.

A home-based hairdressing commercial enterprise will advantage you if you have a sales space at a hairdresser and pay the lease for a space to help your clients. You’ll need a kingdom cosmetology or beautician license for the kingdom in that you live, a splendor salon retailer’s permit if you pick to promote hair products, and a beauty salon industrial operating license to operate a hairdressing commercial enterprise. Trusting your hair in a first-rate splendor salon is ensuring which you have the pleasant hair enjoy possible. And don’t have your cousin try and do it, but there may be not anything like leaving your hair inside the arms of a skilled professional.

For an in-domestic hairdressing commercial enterprise, the blessings are a minimum funding, the money saved and cancellations are less complex. The beauty enterprise is a strong commercial enterprise, so beginning a hairdressing enterprise could be a incredible possibility if you want working along with your hair.


The Critical Impact of Pretext in Employment Discrimination Cases

“I can’t believe you are firing me for ‘overall performance problems’. I received ‘exceeds expectancies’ in all classes of my closing five performance critiques. You gotta be kidding me!”

“I don’t apprehend why you denied me the advertising to assistant manager on the premise that I don’t have a university diploma. None of the ultimate 3 employees that you promoted to assistant manager had a college degree. What offers?”

The above is probably traditional comments of disgruntled employees who acquired destructive employment movements. As is nearly always the case in employment discrimination  cases, the organization’s proffered motive for taking the destructive movement is hotly disputed. The employee claims it’s far simply a subterfuge; a “pretext” for a discriminatory reason.

Regardless of whether you wear an employer/control hat otherwise you put on an employee/ union hat, the critical function that the problem of pretext usually plays in employment discrimination and retaliation instances can’t be overstated. For employers defending claims of disparate remedy, successfully rebutting allegations of pretext is crucial. For personnel maintaining claims of disparate treatment, it’s far vital to reveal that the enterprise’s proffered legitimate, non-discriminatory reason lacks credence. It isn’t always sudden that the problem of pretext often determines the outcome in employment discrimination instances.

While there are many instances that provide a felony definition for the time period “pretext,” it is essentially a false motive given for an detrimental employment motion that mask the organization’s actual cause for the action. Proving pretext manner imparting proof that the business enterprise’s proffered purpose for the detrimental employment motion at trouble is false, phony or a sham. In different phrases, demonstrating pretext means displaying that the corporation’s stated purpose for the unfavorable employment motion isn’t the actual purpose for the movement, and become supposed to cowl up or camouflage the company’s discriminatory cause.

From the employee’s viewpoint, pretext can be validated in many one of a kind ways. For example, the employee may additionally show inconsistency within the way that the employer administers field. In short, any proof that suggests that the company isn’t always administering area in an evenhanded and non-discriminatory way may additionally reveal pretext. Pretext can also be proven via showing that an corporation’s asserted cause for taking an negative employment motion against an worker has shifted or changed over the direction of litigation. For instance, if an enterprise fires John for immoderate absenteeism, and then shifts its position to mention that the actual purpose for firing John become because of budgetary constraints, the finder of truth (choose or jury) might also conclude that the agency must now not be believed, and that its asserted reasons for John’s termination are pretextual. Pretext will also be mounted thru comparative evidence that further located employees no longer within the plaintiff’s protected magnificence have been handled greater favorably. For instance, five white employees had been accepted to alter their paintings hours to wait night university lessons, however the agency might not allow Mary (who occurs to be African-American) to alter her paintings time table to wait an night university magnificence. Such a scenario can be regarded as proof of pretext.

The problem of pretext is similarly compelling in failure to promote instances. In such instances, the employee must first set up a prima facie case of discrimination by using displaying that he or she is a member of a blanketed elegance (as an instance, a girl, Hispanic or African-American), that she or he implemented for and changed into certified for the promotion, that she or he suffered an destructive employment motion, and that the damaging employment action took place beneath circumstances giving upward push to an inference of discriminatory rationale. If the worker satisfies this burden, the employer should then positioned forth a legitimate, non-discriminatory purpose why it did not pick the employee for promoting. The employee need to then display that the business enterprise’s asserted non-discriminatory reason is a pretext for discrimination.

An business enterprise’s indistinct or subjective reason behind an unfavorable employment motion may result in a locating of pretext. For instance, in Frederick M. Abrams v. Department of Public Safety, Abrams, an African-American detective in the Connecticut Department of Public Safety, alleged that he became wrongfully denied a switch to the Department’s homicide unit. Summary judgment turned into entered towards him, however the Second Circuit Court of Appeals determined viable pretext in the statement through Abram’s supervisor that Abrams “did now not match in,” and that any other applicant became a “better match.” The Court concluded “the ‘in shape in’ statements boost a authentic dispute as to whether or not the proffered motives for Abrams’s non-challenge to the [homicide unit] have been pretextual,” and despatched the case returned to the District Court for trial.

There are several key take-aways that employers need to be mindful of in regard to pretext. First, nicely report all employment related decisions via articulating clear and unambiguous reasons for adverse employment movements. Be honest and direct along with your employees and consciousness on objective criteria in preference to subjective beliefs or views. Second, understand that changing the said motive for the unfavourable employment movement can be adverse for your credibility, and may cause a willpower that your reasons are pretextual. In short, don’t provide changing or inconsistent reasons on your choice. Lastly, be steady and fair in administering employee area. Inconsistency opens the door for a locating of pretext and is usually regarded with the aid of juries with a healthful dose of skepticism.


8 Great Ways to Make Money From Home

As normalization of far off paintings continues, you may take advantage of a range of methods to make cash from domestic. From promoting items on-line to starting a podcast to offering your services as a virtual assistant, there are masses of possibilities to earn an income without leaving the house.

If you’re in search of a more traditional process format but nonetheless want to make money working from home, you’re in success. Remote process postings—which doubled for a few on line recruitment web sites all through the pandemic—hold to upward push. Regarding the remote positions available, tech jobs are many of the most standard, but work-from-home possibilities have also risen in therapy, finance, and regulation.1

Where to start when looking for remote paintings? “I’d encourage the activity seeker to begin via reflecting on their pastimes and profession dreams,” Indeed Senior Career Coach Jamie Birt told The Balance in an email.

Next, Birt endorsed taking into account the roles that are commonly finished remotely, consisting of copywriting, picture layout, and software development. Adding the term “faraway” in process search engines like google can provide you with an idea of what’s to be had.

Last, bridge your profession desires with the far off jobs which might be to be had, Birt advised. When you find faraway positions you want, take note of your modern talent set to discover translatable skills, in addition to any gaps wherein you’d want additional education or upskilling.

We’ll speak 8 faraway profitable possibilities which can help make running from domestic a truth.

Sell Your Used and Unwanted Items
Clearing out and tidying up your own home will in all likelihood go away you with piles of factors you not want or use. You can carry in a few extra money via promoting gadgets online which are in top circumstance.

There are masses of virtual marketplaces in which shoppers can visit find a ramification of factors. Ebay is a popular location to sell pretty much any used object on line. Other sites can be extra specialized, consisting of thredUP, that is garments-unique, or Decluttr, which makes a speciality of cell phones, tech, CDs, DVDs, video games, and books.

If you prefer to maintain your income neighborhood, you can check out websites like Craigslist, or preserve matters offline by means of having a storage sale or taking your items to a consignment save.

When listing gadgets on the market on line, you’ll want to encompass good images and an correct, particular description.

Start a Podcast
“Podcasting is replacing blogging as the moneymaker for a whole lot of people working from home,” Joseph Hogue, who runs the website online My Work From Home Money, told The Balance in an electronic mail. He added that marketing greenbacks are shifting from text-based to podcast sponsorships.

While it could make an effort to grow an audience to your podcast, there are numerous methods to make cash podcasting, inclusive of promoting advertising and marketing time, including associate marketing hyperlinks, offering subscriptions, throwing live activities, crowdfunding, promoting merchandise, doing talking gigs, or education others on how to host a podcast.

Make Money on YouTube
Momentum has been choosing up in video monetization, said Hogue from My Work From Home Money. He suspects that vlogging will take over from podcasting once excessive-speed internet is commonplace.

Popular ways to make cash on YouTube are monetizing ad views, jogging paid promotions, and being a part of the YouTube Partner Program, among different possibilities.

Affiliate Marketing
If you have got an target market via a website, social media, or other platform, you could generate some more income by means of which include associate hyperlinks. Affiliate advertising is whilst you earn a fee on the sale of a person else’s merchandise. A commonplace manner is to have a link to every other enterprise’s website or product to your personal content material—if a reader clicks for your hyperlink and buys the product, you get a reduce of the sale.

The Amazon Associates Program is a famous affiliate network; you may locate other associate advertising opportunities on platforms like CJ Affiliate, Rakuten LinkShare, ShareASale, and plenty of extra.

Familiarize your self with the Federal Trade Commission’s (FTC) Endorsement Guides earlier than beginning with affiliate marketing. You’re required to reveal if you have a financial interest in a product or service noted in your web page, at the side of different duties.

Become a Virtual Assistant
As the body of workers transitions to remote paintings, the call for for virtual assistants is anticipated to keep to boom. Virtual assistants, or VAs, work remotely to help with administrative duties—they could paintings for individuals, teams, or organizations. The workload of an administrative assistant commonly includes responsibilities together with answering telephone calls and taking messages, walking social media accounts, scheduling appointments, and doing research, among different duties.

When starting a VA commercial enterprise, it could be hard to land your first client. VAs can locate clients thru social media channels like LinkedIn or Facebook organizations, at virtual or in-character networking activities, through word of mouth, or on freelancing systems like Upwork.

Sell Your Photos Online
Make money on-line from domestic through selling your pictures, video clips, vectors, and illustrations. Upload your content material for people and businesses to shop for to be used on their websites, structures, or other desires. Try listing your paintings on websites like iStock, Dreamstime, and Adobe Stock.

Offer Your Expertise
If you’re an expert in something, remember developing resources to train other people. Once you’ve made the preliminary attempt of placing collectively the content, it may act as a passive income movement.

Online publications, webinars, and ebooks are all common ways to percentage statistics. You can build and sell the resources in your personal or use instructional platforms that already have hooked up groups, together with Udemy or Skillshare.

Pick Up Freelance Work
Platforms which include Fiverr, Freelancer, and Upwork are popular online marketplaces that connect freelancers and clients. You can listing your offerings on those web sites and take a look at out the opportunities to be had. You can do freelance paintings in a number of special fields—for instance, writing and modifying, marketing, pics and layout, programming, and translation.

Many remote moneymaking ventures may be began with little or no money, stated Hogue from My Work From Home Money. You don’t must spend loads for an internet route or mentorship; you could locate records you want without spending a dime on-line or at a low value thru an ebook.

The Bottom Line
Growing your venture takes time, and you’ll possibly want to put several extraordinary earnings streams collectively. Find approaches to include one of a kind moneymaking aspects into one commercial enterprise model. For example, you will be targeted frequently on earning profits through vlogging, but you furthermore mght carry in finances with affiliate advertising and an online route you created that teaches others the way to construct their personal YouTube channel.